The Great Fire of London took place during the early hours of Saturday 2 nd of September 1666, whilst most residents were fast asleep. Nothing during the proceeding day, had given any inclination that a catastrophic city fire would breakout in Thomas Farinor's bakery in Pudding Lane .

To set the scene, we first take a look at the preceding year of 1665. The first signs of disaster struck that spring when an outbreak of the plague was recorded. Within weeks the Monarchy and its court had fled the city, taking with them physicians and medical practitioners, leaving a void of health care to a few brave apothecaries to administer to the sick. Next, there came an exodus of the merchants, and clerical staff. Churches closed their doors as, Bishops, Cardinals and vicars fled to the country. Law and order collapsed, crime became rife, as those abandoned turned to any means for survival.

By the time the numerous church bell's had rang in the New Year of 1666 over 100.000 Londoners had lost their lives.

Many souls witnessed an ominous sign in the night sky. The comet was, and still is, regarded by some as a warning from God, that disaster is about to descend. With England at war with the Dutch, gale force winds and an exceptionally dry, hot summer, a small fire deep within the old part of London rapidly reduced the inner city to a charred ruin.